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He was the grandson of two prominent abolitionists: Erasmus Darwin on his father's side, and Josiah Wedgwood on his mother's side. Painting of seven-year-old Charles Darwin in Both families were largely Unitarianthough the Wedgwoods were adopting Anglicanism.
Robert Darwin, himself quietly a freethinkerhad baby Charles baptised in November in the Anglican St Chad's Church, Shrewsburybut Charles and his siblings attended the Unitarian chapel with their mother. The eight-year-old Charles already had a taste for natural history and collecting when he joined the day school run by its preacher in That July, his mother died.
From Septemberhe joined his older brother Erasmus attending the nearby Anglican Shrewsbury School as a boarder. Darwin found lectures dull and surgery distressing, so he neglected his studies.
He learned taxidermy in around 40 daily hour-long sessions from John Edmonstonea freed black slave who had accompanied Charles Waterton in the South American rainforest. One day, Grant praised Lamarck 's evolutionary ideas.
Darwin was astonished by Grant's audacity, but had recently read similar ideas in his grandfather Erasmus' journals. He learned the classification of plants, and assisted with work on the collections of the University Museumone of the largest museums in Europe at the time.
As Darwin was unqualified for the Triposhe joined the ordinary degree course in January His cousin William Darwin Fox introduced him to the popular craze for beetle collecting; Darwin pursued this zealously, getting some of his finds published in James Francis Stephens ' Illustrations of British entomology.
He became a close friend and follower of botany professor John Stevens Henslow and met other leading parson-naturalists who saw scientific work as religious natural theologybecoming known to these dons as "the man who walks with Henslow".
When his own exams drew near, Darwin applied himself to his studies and was delighted by the language and logic of William Paley 's Evidences of Christianity  In his final examination in January Darwin did well, coming tenth out of candidates for the ordinary degree.
He studied Paley's Natural Theology or Evidences of the Existence and Attributes of the Deity first published inwhich made an argument for divine design in natureexplaining adaptation as God acting through laws of nature. Inspired with "a burning zeal" to contribute, Darwin planned to visit Tenerife with some classmates after graduation to study natural history in the tropics.
In preparation, he joined Adam Sedgwick 's geology course, then on 4 August travelled with him to spend a fortnight mapping strata in Wales. The ship was to leave in four weeks on an expedition to chart the coastline of South America.
As FitzRoy had intended, Darwin spent most of that time on land investigating geology and making natural history collections, while HMS Beagle surveyed and charted coasts.
Most of his zoology notes are about marine invertebrates, starting with plankton collected in a calm spell. FitzRoy had given him the first volume of Charles Lyell 's Principles of Geology, which set out uniformitarian concepts of land slowly rising or falling over immense periods, [II] and Darwin saw things Lyell's way, theorising and thinking of writing a book on geology.
He identified the little-known Megatherium by a tooth and its association with bony armour, which had at first seemed to him to be like a giant version of the armour on local armadillos. The finds brought great interest when they reached England. He read Lyell's second volume and accepted its view of "centres of creation" of species, but his discoveries and theorising challenged Lyell's ideas of smooth continuity and of extinction of species.
Three Fuegians on board had been seized during the first Beagle voyagethen during a year in England were educated as missionaries.
Darwin found them friendly and civilised, yet at Tierra del Fuego he met "miserable, degraded savages", as different as wild from domesticated animals.
Unlike his scientist friends, he now thought there was no unbridgeable gap between humans and animals.
The Fuegian they had named Jemmy Button lived like the other natives, had a wife, and had no wish to return to England. High in the Andes he saw seashells, and several fossil trees that had grown on a sand beach.
He theorised that as the land rose, oceanic islands sank, and coral reefs round them grew to form atolls.Charles Robert Darwin was born in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, on 12 February , at his family's home, The Mount.
He was the fifth of six children of wealthy society doctor and financier Robert Darwin and Susannah Darwin (née Wedgwood). He was the grandson of two prominent abolitionists: Erasmus Darwin on his father's side, and Josiah Wedgwood on his mother's side.
Watch video · Following a lifetime of devout research, Charles Darwin died at his family home, Down House, in London, on April 19, He was buried at Westminster Abbey.
More than a century later, Yale ornithologist Richard Brum sought to revive Darwin's lesser-known theory on sexual selection in The Evolution of Beauty. Charles Darwin: A Biography, Vol. 1 - Voyaging [Janet Browne] on mtb15.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Few lives of great men offer so much interest--and so many mysteries--as the life of Charles Darwin.
acquired trait: A phenotypic characteristic, acquired during growth and development, that is not genetically based and therefore cannot be passed on to the next generation (for example, the large. Early life and education Charles Robert Darwin was born on February 12, , in Shrewsbury, England, the fifth child of Robert and Susannah Darwin.
His father was a successful doctor, as was his grandfather, Erasmus Darwin, who had a great influence on Charles's later mtb15.com: Apr 19, D'Abbadie, Arnauld.
See: Abbadie, Arnauld d', ? Dabney, Robert Lewis, ¶. A Defence of Virginia And Through Her, of the South, in Recent and Pending Contests Against the Sectional Party (English) (as Author); Dabney, Thomas Ewing¶.